**General:** Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods

of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following

experiments: Experiments based on using Vernier calipers and screw gauge (m icrometer),

Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young’s modulus by Searle’s method, Specific heat

of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v

method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm’s law using voltmeter

and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post

office box.

**Mechanics:** Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles;

Uniform Circular motion; Relative velocity.

Newton’s laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and

dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear

momentum and mechanical energy.

Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of

planets and satellites in circular orbits; Escape velocity.

Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of

uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of

angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping

of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid

bodies.

Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.

Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus.

Pressure in a fluid; Pascal’s law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise;

Viscosity (Poiseuille’s equation excluded), Stoke’s law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow,

equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications.

Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, superposition of waves;

Progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns;Resonance; Beats;

Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).

Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat

conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton’s law of

cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monoatomic and diatomic gases);

Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of ga ses; Equivalence of heat and work; First

law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases); Blackbody radiation:

absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff’s law; Wien’s displacement law, Stefan’s law.

**Electricity and Magnetism:** Coulomb’s law; Electric field and potential; Electrical potential

energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field;

Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss’s law and its application in simple cases, such as,

to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and

uniformly charged thin spherical shell.

Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and

parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor.

Electric current; Ohm’s law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells;

Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.

Biot–Savart’s law and Ampere’s law; Magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along

the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a

current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.

Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving

coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and

LC circuits with D.C. and A.C. sources.

**Optics:** Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical

surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses;

Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.

Wave nature of light: Huygen’s principle, interference limited to Young’s double-slit experiment.

**Modern Physics:** Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive

decay; Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and

fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes.

Photoelectric effect; Bohr’s theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays,

Moseley’s law; de Broglie wavelength of matter wave